Diseases like Ebola virus also took the lives of hundreds of Mountain Gorillas. whose population have declined by 80 to 90%. In 2008, western Lowland Gorillas were categorized as ‘Critically Endangered species’ by International Union For Conservation Of Nature(IUCN). EN … http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/9404/0, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/39994/0, http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/gorilla, http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/great_apes/gorillas/, http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/great_apes/gorillas/save_solutions_gorillas/, http://news.bbc.co.uk/earth/hi/earth_news/newsid_8256000/8256464.stm, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. There are only 200 to 300 species of Cross River Gorilla living in wild. However, there are things that the average person can help with as well. War has also a big part in the endangerment of this specie. It is not a trivial fact. There is a close connection between habitat loss and poaching. Since the discovery of the mountain gorilla subspecies in 1902, its population has endured years of war, hunting, habitat destruction and disease—threats so severe that it was once thought the species might be extinct by the end of the twentieth century. The Cross River Gorilla is a sub specie of Western Lowland gorilla. By 2003, one-third of all wild gorillas had died due to this virus. Back in 1994 there were 17,000 Eastern lowland gorillas in the wild which reduced to 3800 in 2015. All gorilla species have been placed on the endangered list by the international union for conservation of nature (IUCN). But first you need to know what is an endangered specie and how it, whose population have declined by 50 to 70%, or have only 2500 or less than 2500 mature individual. About 73.8% area inhabited by these gorillas is very favorable for oil palm plantation due to rain, temperature and soil. Habitat Loss. Yes, gorillas are endangered. As civil war rages in Africa, efforts to conserve mountain gorilla populations have been curtailed. Both gorilla species are critically endangered, meaning they face an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. Endangered species are the one which are going to be extinct in the future. Gorillas are continually under the threats resulting from human activities, and only we can get them out of the IUCN Red List of threatened species. The statistics change and the numbers fluctuate, but there is something that remains unchanged: their status of conservation. They are captured and sold for high prices in black market to be used as pet. It is estimated that if such decline in their number continues, so by 2054 there will be 94% decrease in its population. bola virus, malaria and human herpes transferred to them from humans due to increased human interaction is also one of the major cause of their endangerment. All types of gorillas are critically endangered and face serious threats to their survival, but our daily protection works! Hunting In addition to being hunted for meat, mountain gorillas are also illegally hunted for trophies and live infants. Moreover, it is common that gorillas are victims of traps aimed at other animals, and they die or get seriously injured. The Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified the Western Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) as a “Critically Endangered Species” (CR), and the Eastern Gorilla (Gorilla beringei) in the list of “Endangered Species” (EN). The endangered Gorillas are one of the biggest tourism attractions in Africa and East Africa particularly and they are not increasing in number due to several factors, some of which are man-made, others natural hence need to be mitigated in order to conserve and preserve the gorilla treasure and further boost the tourism industry. For example, perhaps poaching does not upset too much some species of monkeys, but in the case of gorillas, it is a serious problem that concerns many conservation organizations. So the local people are erasing forests to plant oil palm in the area, thus destroying the, responsible for the decreasing quantity of food that is part of. They are also hunted for getting the meat from their body by the locals. Ebola virus started in 1994 and destroyed ¾ population in the protected areas where gorillas were safe from poaching. Critically endangered is level five, just below 'extinct in the wild.' Sadly, it just confirmed what many of us working in gorilla conservation have feared for some time: that the eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is now classed as ‘Critically Endangered’. Different diseases like Polio, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis and Intestinal parasites. The mountain gorilla is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla. It’s not too late for us to protect our mighty mountain cousins. Siena tells us about one teen and her Dad who are trying to help the endangered mountain gorillas in Africa. Now we know why gorillas are endangered, but how can we prevent their extinction?There are numerous organisations that work tirelessly at conserving the gorillas’ natural habitat, keeping them safe from poachers, and guarding them against other dangers. epublic of Congo, Northwest Rwanda and Southwest Uganda. Poaching is illegal hunting, most of the times for commercial purposes, or with the intention the get a monetary retribution. The good news is, their numbers have recently been rising. In 21 years their population has declined by 77%. Since the 1990s, there have been several outbreaks in the area that have decimated populations of gorillas to unimaginable levels. We have gathered complete information on, and stated down all the reasons for each of its species due which their population is declining. Mountain Gorilla is a sub specie of Eastern Lowland Gorillas, In 2000 they were categorized as endangered species by the IUCN, According to a survey made by IUCN there are only 880 individual. This disease, coupled with people hunting gorillas, has put both species further in danger of extinction. Commercial activities such as agriculture, mining, and farming, make people cut down the trees of their habitat reducing the availability of food. Why Are Western Lowland Gorillas Endangered – Why Is The Cross River Gorilla Endangered. The only known albino gorilla – named Snowflake – was a wild-born western lowland gorilla originally from Equatorial Guinea.Snowflake, a male gorilla, was taken from the wild and brought to the Barcelona Zoo in 1966 at a very young age. Many organizations and activists are performing several actions to preserve the gorillas in the world. In mountain gorilla range, where gorillas frequently raid farms or come in contact with humans through tourism, they are susceptible to scabies, TB, and a host of other diseases from human transmission. or when there is 20% decline in the population of a specie within five generations. Koepfli notes one animal of concern is Africa’s eastern gorilla, of which fewer than 5,000 remain, divided into small populations and subspecies, including the well-known mountain gorilla. Their heads, hands, and feet and other bones are sold for high prices in the black market. There are about 800 of these remaining in the whole world, and 100.000 western gorillas also remain in the world, but their number are decreasing rapidly. The other population is found in Uganda's Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Populations of gorillas that are in frequent contact with humans are particularly vulnerable to deadly respiratory infections. Ebola and poaching are the major threats of the western lowland gorilla. Have you ever wondered why gorillas, which lack natural predators in their habitat, are in such critical condition? The main threats to the survival of gorillas is a set of menaces common to many species of endangered animals, which specifically affect more these primates. Welcome to EndangeredGorillas.com, a website dedicated to educating the world about the endangered gorillas of Africa. Gorillas are classified into two species, each of which has two subspecies. Gorilla Facts is all about Gorillas. Chimpanzees are endangered species of primates sharing about 98% of their genes with humans that’s why they are our closest relatives. Eastern Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri): Endangered species. It is the . Pet trade is also a reason for its endangerment. In 1996, Eastern Lowland Gorillas were categorized as ‘Critically Endangered species’ by International Union for Conservation of Nature. It is listed as endangered by the IUCN as of 2018. Mountain gorillas are one of the most endangered animals in the world. Their entire world consists of 285 square miles of high-elevation rain forest in east-central Africa. Gorilla are losing their habitat due to increasing human population which result in demand for more agricultural and pastoral activities. Mountain gorilla ( G. b. beringei) Eastern lowland or Grauer’s gorilla ( G. b. graueri) All four subspecies are either Endangered or Critically Endangered, threatened by hunting for bushmeat, habitat loss, wildlife trade, and infectious diseases. Habitat loss is definitely one of the major contributing factors to the endangerment status of gorillas. alive which live in two isolated population, one population is in Uganda and the other is in Rwanda . International Union for Conservation of Nature is an organization which categorize species into different categories for instance: Gorillas are endangered due to the following reasons: Western Lowland Gorillas are endangered due to: Your email address will not be published. Human interaction which become the cause of transformation of human disease. Gorillas need vegetation to survive, as they feed on plants and often build nests in trees to rest. The answer leads to humans, who are their main predator. Other diseases affecting gorillas are polio, hepatitis A, tuberculosis and intestinal parasites. Gorillas have hands and feet like humans including opposable thumbs and big toes. Mountain gorillas are considered critically endangered by IUCNs Red List. As we said above, all four types of gorilla are listed on the endangered species list. 17% of gorillas live in protected areas, while the rest inhabit forests where they face this kind of danger. Scientists estimate that there are about 600 individuals, living in 2 populations of about 300 each, separated by about 20 miles. Fun Facts About Gorillas. The back of males eventually turns to a grey colour the older they get, which leads to the term Silverbacks. Similarly, the Cross River gorilla is experiencing an uncertain future. Recently the Ebola Virus killed a number of them. Furthermore, the conservation status of the subspecies is: Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla): Critically Endangered Species. Gorillas are not the objective, but humans invade their territory and gorillas lose areas where they can roam safely. Eastern Lowland Gorillas are found in the. Not only are mountain gorillas threatened by loss of habitat due to human encroachment, they have also become victims of human violence. Refugees, internally displaced people and armed forces get shelter in these forests and affects the life of this specie. Are Gorillas are endangered or threatened, YES it is so true that the mountain Gorillas are endangered and threatened and therefore deserve to be protected! The Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified the Western Gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla) as a “Critically Endangered Species” (CR), and the Eastern Gorilla ( Gorilla beringei) in the list of “Endangered Species” (EN). Today, all gorilla species and subspecies are endangered, although the status of the Cross River gorillas is the most critical. They give birth to just one baby at a time which make it difficult to cover the loss made to its number. Gorillas are categorized as endangered species by International Union For Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Deforestation and gorillas. Civil wars; Different diseases like Polio, Hepatitis, Tuberculosis and Intestinal parasites. Most people know that gorillas are in danger of becoming extinct. by @BioExpedition. Till 1991 the forests were Roadless, there was no entrance to gorilla inhabited areas but after 1991 roads made by the industrial miners gave easy access to hunter to hunt these gorillas. It is also a big reason behind its endangerment. Until the 1980s, it was almost impossible to access the dense vegetation areas where gorillas live, but after clearing some areas, making some roads and devastating large zones of forests, the access to find gorillas got a lot easier for poachers. Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei): Critically Endangered Species. Why Gorillas Are Endangered. Agricultural and pastoral activities by the locals are increasing day by day which result in deforestation which affects the lives of this specie very badly. Poachers can kill gorillas to sell their meat or various parts of their body, or sometimes they capture gorillas and keep them alive and to sell them as “exotic” pets or for private collections of animals. Mountain gorillas have been monitored and studied closely since Dian Fossey began her work with them in 1967, after establishing the Karisoke Research Center. Oil palm plantation in the gorilla inhabited areas. Abduction of infants for selling to zoos and as a pet is also a reason for its endangerment. Before we can venture into why they are endangered, you need to understand a little more about where they live and their behavior. Given the genetic similarity between humans and gorillas, they are also victims of outbreaks that affect people, triggering likewise epidemics among the members of a single population or even reaching other populations. One species that warrants this classification is the Eastern lowland gorilla ( Gorilla beringei graueri ). It is the most threatened subspecies of all, and perhaps there are less than 200 mature individuals. Domestic animals and live stock is also a reason for the transformation of many diseases to them. Gorillas are only found in the forests of central Africa. Conservation by Gorillas-World | Feb 6, 2014 | Conservation. Mountain gorillas are a subspecies of eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). Countries where gorillas live, like the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are troubled by political conflicts that usually end in wars, guerrillas or armed riots. Learn about Gorillas classification, physical features, species, diet, habitat, reproduction and why they are endagered. Habitat loss due to Agriculture & Pastoral activities. Receive information about animals, environment, nature and our planet. It is predicted that the declination rate will exceed 80 % in the next three generations i.e. Learn more about these amazing apes and how we can help them. According to a survey 80% reduction was reported in three generations. With so few individuals in the wild the mountain gorilla is listed as critically endangered. The refugees cut trees to settle in the area and to build farms. Ebola virus also played a great role in the decreasing the population of these gorillas. The Ebola virus and poaching are the major threats of the western lowland gorilla. Refugees takes shelter in the area where these gorillas are settled. The Western Lowland Gorilla is the smallest of all gorillas, but still has great size and strength. Many diseases are also transferred to them from humans due to regular human contact with them. The species has jet black skin and black hair all over except for face, hands, feet and their ears. Land mines spread over in the area also took the lives of many Mountain Gorillas. We have gathered complete information on Why Are Gorillas Endangered and stated down all the reasons for each of its species due which their population is declining. Climate change has also played a role in the endangerment of this specie like increasing temperature, modified rainfall affects the food quantity in the area. The reclassification of central Africa’s Eastern Gorilla as critically endangered follows a population decline of more than 70% in the last two decades, leaving its population below 5,000. Civil unrest in the area of gorilla habitat is also one of the prime reason for Eastern Gorillas endangerment. Illegal hunting of these gorillas is one of the main reasons for its endangerment. So these gorillas also become the victim of war. Gorillas are endangered due to the following reasons: Habitat loss due to Agriculture & Pastoral activities. 20 years. In just 15 years, from 1995 to 2010, their population declined by 59%. Furthermore, the … Ultimately, their endangered state can be traced to three major factors: habitat loss, poaching, and disease. Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli): Critically Endangered Species. The conservation state of this subspecies is more critical than the Eastern lowland gorilla, due to multiple factors that have contributed to shrinking their population to small numbers: around 680 individuals split into two communities. Habitat Loss, Reduction, and degradation. Protecting Mountain Gorillas in Rwanda. As their name hints, they live in the mountains at elevations between 8,000 and 13,000 feet. Rapidly increasing human population and their settlement in the mountain gorillas habituated area is also affecting their lives at a great extent. Mines set by the rebels and armed forces also took lives of hundreds of Eastern Gorillas. main reason behind its endangerment. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Currently, 17 percent of gorillas live in protected areas, while the rest inhabit forests where they face several dangers. Last month, the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) published its latest Red List of endangered species. Climate change such as increasing temperature. As you see, the status of the subspecies is the same as the species to which it belongs, except for the mountain gorilla. Scarcity of affordable domestic meat in rural areas also a reason for high poaching rate. Around 69% armed forces have taken shelter in these forests which has affected the lives of these gorillas up to great extent. Poaching means illegal hunting. Poaching which means illegal hunting and capturing of animals. Gorillas are considered endangereddue to their small population and likelihood of becoming extinct. They live in bands of 6-12 gorillas, with the oldest and strongest silverback (male) leading the family. other animals also trap these gorillas and result in death or injury of these Mountain Gorillas. The main threat to gorillas is people and the associated increasing pressure on the gorilla's habitat. These were the center of Africa’s world war. Why Are Gorillas Endangered. Gorillas are categorized as endangered species by International Union For Conservation of Nature (IUCN). On this portal find all the information you need to know about gorillas, their habitats, how they live, myths and facts on gorillas etc. Various diseases like respiratory viruses, simplex virus. when there is 50% decline in the population of a specie within three generations. Their life was greatly affected by human activities through different ways. But first you need to know what is an endangered specie and how it is classified as endangered. the distance between the two population is 25 miles occupied by humans. While capturing the young ones the elder ones also get killed or hurt. One generation gap is 22 years. There are two populations: One is found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa, within three National Parks: Mgahinga, in southwest Uganda; Volcanoes, in northwest Rwanda; and Virunga, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. They are hunted for different purposes. Convoys of people from Rwanda and DRC destroyed large tracts of the park, home to mountain gorillas and other endangered species, to create agricultural and pastoral land.